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How to Build a Subwoofer Box

..and save some money, too

  Topics covered in this article  
  • Tools and materials
  • Choosing your sub and designing the enclosure
  • Constructing the subwoofer enclosure
  • Finishing and customizing your subwoofer enclosure

Cost for materials (not including the sub): Around R250

Time spent: Around an hour and a half            

*Remember that the time you spend on this project may vary ? it will depend on the complexity of your box's shape, and the tools you have at your disposal and not to mention a sexy lady assitants by your side

 Tools and materials:

                                   gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463

  • Jigsaw
  • Electric drill with bits for pre-drilling screw holes and driving screws
  • 16mm Chip board
  • 2" drywall screws
  • Panhead sheet metal screws (1/2" and 3/4")
  • wood glue
  • Silicon (optional)
  • Speaker terminal cup

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                             (for drilling purposes only-PG18)

1. Choosing your subwoofer. gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
When choosing a subwoofer, carefully note the manufacturer's recommended enclosure size, especially if you have limited space in your vehicle. The box volume tells you how big your enclosure needs to be for maximum performance from the sub.  With that requirement in mind, I chose the  box volume of 0.6 to 1.25 cubic feet.

2. Designing the box.
To determine the correct dimensions for any subwoofer box, you can follow these steps:

  1. Determine the minimum depth of your box. Measure the depth of your subwoofer and add 2 inches. This measurement is the minimum depth of your box (in this article, the depth refers to the front-to-back dimension of the box, with the woofer being mounted to the front).
  2. Determine the minimum height and width of your box. Measure the frame diameter of your woofer, or check the mounting template that may be included with the owner's manual, to determine the minimum height and width for the front of your box. If you plan to mount a grille, be sure to allow for any additional space that may be needed to accommodate it.
  3. Determine the available space in your vehicle. Measure the height, width, and depth of the vehicle space that you are willing to devote to your subwoofer. If the box must be wedge-shaped to fit, you will need to know the depth at the box's top and bottom.
  4. Sketch out your box. Now's the time to sketch your box on paper using the dimensions you've gathered. The box shown in this article is rectangular, but you may find that a wedge-shaped box fits better in your car or truck. Your sketch may look like one of these:
              gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463

    For our examples, let's use the following external dimensions:

    1. Rectangular box:
      Height: 13"
      Width: 14"
      Depth: 12"
    2. Wedge box:
      Height: 14"
      Width: 18"
      Depth 1: 5"
      Depth 2: 8"
  5. Determine the internal dimensions and volume of your box. The above steps identified the external dimensions of the box. To determine the internal volume, just subtract the thickness of the wood to be used for construction. If you're using 3/4" wood(recommended!), then 2 x 3/4", or 1-1/2", will be subtracted from each dimension.

                                  gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463

  1. The internal dimensions for our examples:

    1. Rectangular box:
      Height: 11.5"
      Width: 12.5"
      Depth: 10.5"
    2. Wedge box:
      Height: 12.5"
      Width: 16.5"
      Depth 1: 3.5"
      Depth 2: 6.5"
  2. Calculate the internal box volume in cubic inches. Based on the internal dimensions, you can calculate the internal volume of the enclosure using the following formula:

    Height x Width x Depth = Cubic Volume

    Let's put some numbers in:

    1. Rectangular box:

      11.5" x 12.5" x 10.5" = 1,509.375 cubic inches
    2. Wedge box: Since the wedge box has two depth dimensions, we need to find the average depth before we can determine the volume. To find the average depth, add the two depth measurements together, then divide by two. Remember that Depth 1 = 3.5 and Depth 2 = 6.5.

      3.5" + 6.5" = 10"
      10" / 2 = 5"

      So, the average depth of the wedge-shaped box is 5". Plug that dimension into the formula:

      12.5" x 16.5" x 5" = 1,031.25 cubic inches
  3. Convert cubic inches to cubic feet. Since most manufacturers will provide the recommended box volume in cubic feet, you'll need to convert the internal volume from cubic inches into cubic feet. This is done by dividing the cubic inches by 1,728.

    1. Rectangular box: 1,509.375 / 1728 = 0.873 cubic feet
    2. Wedge box: 1,031.25 / 1728 = 0.597 cubic feet
  4. Adjust your box's volume to match the sub's specifications. Now, compare the volume of the box you've sketched to the manufacturer's recommendation. If it's too large or too small, you can make small adjustments to one dimension until your box's internal volume matches the manufacturer's recommendation as closely as possible.

    Often, manufacturers will recommend a range of enclosure volumes. You can get good results with a box that's anywhere inside the recommended range.

  5. Determine the final exterior box dimensions. Once you've identified the correct internal dimensions, it's time to add back that 1-1/2" we subtracted in step 5, to derive the new external dimensions. Double check to make sure that these dimensions will fit properly in your car, and you're ready to move on to construction.

                                   HOW TO BUILD A SUBWOOFER SPEAKER BOX AT HOME 0315072463            

                  LET THE  DRILLING BEGIN

 Step 1:gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
We started by measuring and cutting the main pieces of wood for the front, sides, back and top of the box, using a table saw with a carbide-tipped blade. Don't have a table saw? Don't worry. If you purchase your wood at any large home improvement store, they should be able to cut it for you for a small fee. You could also use a jigsaw, but your cuts may not be quite as smooth (and smooth, flat cuts help to ensure that the box seals well). We cut seven pieces total ? top and bottom, two sides, the back, and two identical pieces for the front (since it was to be a double thickness).

Step 2. gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
After the pieces are cut to size, use a compass, or the template that may be included in your subwoofer's packaging, to mark the woofer cutout on one of the identical front pieces.
Step 3. gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
If you choose to use a double-thickness of timber for the front panel (this method is recommended ? it provides an extremely strong, non-resonant mounting surface for the sub), fasten the two identical front pieces together using plenty of carpenter's glue and several sheet metal screws. Also, the double thickness will serve to strengthen the box as a whole.

(If you don't use a double thickness of MDF for the mounting surface, you should definitely plan to use bracing elsewhere in the box for added strength. In fact, it's never a bad idea to use bracing no matter what, especially if your box is larger than a cubic foot. The box will be subjected to extreme internal pressure, so the stronger it is, the better. The easiest way to add bracing is with 2"x2" strips of timber. Glue and screw these along at least two of your box's internal seams before attaching the top and bottom.)
Step 4. gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
Using a drillpress, we made a hole near the inside edge of the circle we had traced, large enough for our jigsaw blade to fit in. If you don't have a drillpress, simply use your handheld drill and a large bit.
                    gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
We jigsawed out the circle, and the woofer cutout was complete.
Step 5. gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
We followed the same drilling/jigsawing procedures to make a rectangular hole in the box's back panel. This would hold the terminal cup, which we installed next. After running a bead of silicon around the edge of the terminal cup (available at GRAVITY AUDIO 0315072463), we screwed it into place using 1/2" sheet metal screws.
We jigsawed out the circle, and the woofer cutout was complete.
Step 6.
Since the back and front pieces were now complete, it was time to fasten everything together. Note: the largest sides of the box should overlap each of the smaller sides to provide the greatest strength. For our box, that meant that the sides were fastened to the front and back first, and the top and bottom were added last.
Because timber can be prone to splitting, we pre-drilled holes for the screws in each of the pieces to be fastened together.
After pre-drilling the holes, we squeezed plenty of carpenter's glue between the pieces. The glue, not the screws, is what will ultimately seal the box together, so don't be afraid to pour it on.
                   gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
Then, we fastened the pieces together using our cordless drill and 2" drywall screws. Some of the glue will squeeze out during this step ? you can wipe it off the outside of the box using a wet rag, but it's OK to leave it on the inside edges (it'll actually help with the seal).
                   gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
                   gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
After you put together the front, back, and sides, you may find that the box is a little out of square ? we did. When you screw the top or bottom on, it should pull things back into alignment. Ours gave us just a little bit of trouble, though, so we used a furniture clamp to get things straightened out.
After you've glued-and-screwed the sides, front, back, top, and bottom, you're just about done.
                    gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
The next step is to drop the subwoofer in and make sure it fits. If the box has gotten a bit out of square, you may find that the sub is now a tight fit ? if so, use coarse sandpaper or a rasp to enlarge the opening a little.
                    gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
Step 7.gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
With the subwoofer in place, we used a pencil to mark the screw hole locations, then removed the subwoofer and pre-drilled holes for the mounting screws.
Step 8.gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
To make double sure that everything was sealed up, we waited for the glue to dry and ran a bead of silicon caulk over all of the box's internal seals. We used a hand-held tube of silicone, since it would be tough to get a caulk gun down inside the box at this point. Let the caulk cure for 12-24 hours before putting the subwoofer back in. Some silicon caulk releases acetic acid fumes while curing, which have the potential to destroy subwoofer surrounds.

Step 9.gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
After the silicone had cured, we hooked up speaker wires from the terminal cup to the subwoofer and placed the subwoofer back in the box, using non-hardening rope caulk (found in the weatherstrip section of the hardware store) to seal it down. Don't use regular silicone for this ? you'll need to pull that sub someday, and if you glue it to the box with silicon caulk it'll be tough to get out.
                    gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463
Once the sub was in place, we fastened it down using 3/4" sheet metal screws, and our box was complete.
                    gravity audio spec sub boxes cheapest in durban 0315072463

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         Finishing and customizing the subwoofer box. 

After finishing the box, the box is definitely sturdy.

However, since naked TIMBER leaves something to be desired in the looks department, I suggest you checked in with GRAVITY FITMENT CENTRE-DEES  0315009032, to get some ideas on customizing a subwoofer box. He will offer you  all kinds of coverings, from vinyl to carpet and beyond!


or this 12'' STD SUB BOX is READILY AVAILABLE AT GRAVITY AUDIO @ R250 carpeted complete....

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0315009032 gravity fitment centre

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